Now that summer is in full swing, it is time for children to enjoy some “fun in the sun.” Hiking, playing in the park, swimming in lakes, bicycling, tubing, eating at barbeques, skateboarding and watching fireworks are just a few activities children will partake in this summer. This is also the time of year that children are more prone to injuries, according to Westchester Health Associates, a clinical affiliate of The Mount Sinai Medical Center.

Whether children are going to a summer camp or staying at home, the following safety tips will help parents and caregivers. “For all parents, this means being extra diligent to help keep your child safe and healthy and at the same time letting them enjoy summer activities,” says Dr. Peter Richel, a pediatrician and father.

Apply Sunscreen – A waterproof sunscreen with a 45 SPF is a must and should be applied and reapplied throughout the time a child is exposed to the harmful rays of the sun.

Drink Water – Keeping hydrated is very important especially when the temperatures are high and the sun is scorching hot. Even if your child is not thirsty, it is important that he/she drink at least 8 ounces of water every few hours. Your body needs water to regulate body temperature and to provide the means of nutrients to travel to all your organs.

Wear a Helmet – In some states, there are laws for all riders to be required to wear a helmet. In others, there is an age restriction. Make sure the play areas are safe and free of any hazardous materials. Supervision is always best, but teaching your kids the principals of safe play as well will help the matter.

Check for Ticks – The Houston area is a well-known breeding ground for ticks and Lyme disease and is a common problem. Dr. Steve Levine, pediatrician and father, advises parents to check for tick bites regularly. To prevent tick bites, children should wear long sleeves, high socks and cover all exposed areas of the skin, especially the ankles and arms. Levine also cautions against insect repellents with high concentrations of DEET.

Wear a Life Jacket – To ensure that your children are safe, never leave them unsupervised around water. Children, especially under the age of four should always wear a U.S. Coast Guard approved life jacket when on a lake, river or ocean while *boating, swimming, tubing or water skiing.

Keep Play Areas Clean – Summertime viral illnesses, such as the Coxsackie virus, can easily be avoided by keeping up with the cleanliness of your kids’ play areas and keeping hands clean and germ-free. The Coxsackie virus can produce a wide variety of symptoms, mostly flu-like. It takes anywhere from three to six days to feel any symptoms.

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